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What is a Keloid?
It is a result of an overgrowth of granulation tissue at the site of a healed skin injury. Keloids are firm, rubbery lesions.
Where it is formed?
Keloids can develop at any place where trauma has occurred be it pimples, insect bites, scratching, burns, or any other skin trauma. Keloid scars can also develop after surgery. They are more common in some sites such as the central chest, the back and shoulders and the ear lobes. They can also occur on body piercings.
Is it Contagious?
No. But those who have a tendency to develop keloid will develop it at all places of trauma and hence give the false perception of spreading.
Is Keloid Cancerous?
No. They are benign.
How to get rid of it?
There are multiple lines of therapies for keloid.
a) Intralesional corticosteroids are first-line therapy for most keloids, They are safe with good success rate.
b) For those who do not respond to this, an addition of anti-mitotic drug such as 5- FluoUracil is done.
c) Cryotherapy is another treatment modality.
d) Some doctors also use SiliconGel sheets.
e) Surgical Excision is done when the keloid is unsightly such as a large earlobe keloid.
What is the difference between Hypertrophic scars & Keloids?
Hypertrophic scars which are raised scars that do not grow beyond the boundaries of the original wound where as Keloid grows.
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